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in England

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Maverick's Big Adventure

Can you drink British tap water?

How can I make English tap water taste sweet like it does back home?

Visitors to Britain often complain that the water here is hard. Usually such remarks come from people who have only visited London and the South East and make the mistake of thinking the whole country is the same. Thankfuly it is not. In truth the water in the UK varies widely from region to region. If you travel around the country you'll find water supplied by the different regional water companies is different. It can even be different within a company's area depending on where the water comes from.

Up in the north of England the water is famous for its delicious softness. This is because the rocks are different there. The hardness or softness of drinking water depend on the different minerals that have dissolved into it. Despite it's small size, the United Kingdom is one of the most geologically diverse nations of the world.

London and the South East are founded on chalk, which is readily picked up by the groundwater. On the other hand, the north of England and the South West are dominated my granite which, being very hard. Is not resolved into the water as much. Between the two lie the The Pennine Coal Measures with various mudstones, siltstones and sandstones. This gives the water another totally different taste. Scotland is famous for its whiskies, the flavour of each deriving from the geology that provides the water from which it is made. My favourite water, and my favourite whiskey, come from the peat bogs of Ireland. Of course the Republic of Ireland is not politically part of the UK but is, geologically, part of the British Isles.

The southern chalk lands produce the hardest water with the most dissolved minerals. In theory this should make this the healthiest water in the country. But alas there is another factor to consider. The South East and London in particular are horribly overpopulated. This means the water has been intensively treated. There is an urban myth that every glass of London tap water may have passed through seven sets of kidneys before it quenches the next thirst. This is probably an exaggeration but you get my point. In my opinion this is the reason London water tastes so bad. And it most certainly does taste bad. It's not just the chalk.

The good news for the visitor is that you don't have to bring your own filter. This is not the third world. You can buy them here. The excessive water treatment won't make you sick but it won't make you radiate with good health either.

Water is the very foundation of all life on Earth. Water is the lifeblood of our planet, the life giving fluid in all organisms, plants, animals and humans. Our very existence is intimately connected with the quality of water available to us. If our glands and organs are not nourished with good, clean water, their functions begin to deteriorate. It is vital that we should become concerned not only for the health, vitality and quality of the water we drink, but also for its original source and the treatment it receives. If water quality and vitality is so important to us, why do we continually add chemicals and toxins to it? Modern technology is rapidly destroying water's life-giving capacities. Increased population, industrial wastes and agricultural chemicals are contaminating our water sources. Examples can be found in chemical spills, land fills, herbicide and pesticide use, chemical dumps and nitrate and phosphate fertilizer run off that affect our lakes, underground aquifers, and rivers. Water carries energy. Water emits energy.

Water is the most abundant substance in the human body. It is a component of virtually everything, except tooth enamel and bone. We are about 70% water, 25% protein and 5% minerals. You can regard the body as being water, thickened with protein, which prevents us from 'running away'. This gelatinous mass is then hung on a skeleton made up of minerals. Not a very flattering analogue, but it does put things in perspective. Water performs many functions. A few of the more important ones follow:

1. Most reactions in our body (of which there are millions every second) will not take place unless the reactants are dissolved. For example, the water component of our blood dissolves oxygen from our lungs and in this way it can be transported to our cells. Carbon dioxide is removed in the same way.

2. Almost every cell in our body is bathed in interstitial fluid, which is almost entirely water.

3. Most of the molecules in our body are suspended in water and are thus able to come into contact with other molecules. Indeed, water is often a part of these chemical reactions.

4. Water is a great stabiliser of body temperature. It absorbs and releases heat very slowly.

5. We have seen that the digestive tract utilises some 2 gallons of water per day. Much of this is reabsorbed, however a certain amount needs to be replenished daily.

6. Water also acts as a lubricating medium. It is the major part of the mucus and other lubricating fluids. Lubrication is especially necessary in the chest and abdomen, where internal organs touch and slide over each other.

7. Finally, water is the flushing medium which is used to clean the kidneys. These vital organs filter our entire volume of blood about every 5 minutes.

Sufficient clean water must be passing through the kidneys to collect the wastes from this process. If these toxins are not removed they will remain in the tissues. So how Much Water Do We Need?

Now let us look at some of the practical aspects of using water to maintain optimum health. Please be very clear that following appropriate dietary modification, the next most important step in nutritional improvement is to provide the body with sufficient clean water. Human bodies require plenty of pure water every day if they are to function efficiently. Part of this can be made up from the water contained in freshly squeezed fruit or vegetable juices, but not from other drinks like tea or coffee. Water, or any drink for that matter, should not be taken with meals. Ideally, small amounts of water should be taken hourly.

This keeps clean water passing through the kidneys so that they can flush poisons from our bodies. There is little point in drinking more than half a glass, half hourly, as this excess will just pass out as clear urine and will not be used to flush.

Tap Water and Salts - Tap water is not suitable for human consumption. It is heavily laden with inorganic salts, additives and toxic chemicals and is a slow poison. How many times have you heard some one say, "I don't like water, so I never drink it". The majority of people are highly intolerant to the toxins and salts in tap water and unconsciously avoid drinking it. However their bodies are still dependent upon some fluids for survival, so they have soft drinks, tea or coffee to disguise the flavour of the water. It is literally the only way they can get it down.

One risk from drinking tap water is its high mineral content, particularly mineral salts. A concentration of salts in our tissues favours fluid retention, and so we retain too much fluid in our bodies. Similarly, salts 'preserve' our insides just as effectively as they preserve salted meats and fish. This causes hardening and inelasticity of our arteries. Both fluid retention and hardening of the arteries are major contributing factors in hypertension (high blood pressure) and heart disease. Salts collect in our tissues from the tap water that we drink, and from other dietary sources. As well as this, we are not drinking enough water (of any sort) to help flush them away. The problem of salt build up is easily rectified by drinking distilled water only for a period of time. This will draw salts out of the tissues. Later, one should switch to filtered water.

Other Pollutants in Water - Many other chemicals are added to our tap water before we drink it. At the very least this will include Chlorine and Fluorine. Fluorine (NOT to be confused with fluorene C13H10 which is a very different chemical) is an element in the periodic table that has the symbol F and atomic number 9. Fluorine is an essential nutrient with recognised pharmacological benefits that include prevention of dental problems and protection of bone from osteoporosis-induced fracture.

Fluorides are compounds containing the element fluorine. is the practice of adding fluoride compounds to water with the intended purpose of reducing tooth decay in the general population.

Fluoride is not an essential nutrient. No disease, not even tooth decay, is caused by a “fluoride deficiency.”(NRC 1993; Institute of Medicine 1997, NRC 2006). Not a single biological process has been shown to require fluoride.

Indeed the opposite is true. There is mounting evidence that fluoride can interfere with many important biological processes and numerous enzymes.

Several studies suggest that fluoride can increase the risk of developing certain cancers although other research suggests there is no link. The jury is still out on this.

In combination with aluminum, fluoride interferes with G-proteins Such interactions give aluminum-fluoride complexes the potential to interfere with signals from growth factors, hormones and neurotransmitters.

Around half of all fluoride ingested is stored in the body, accumulating in calcifying tissue such as teeth and bones and in the pineal gland in the brain.

Many people believe that the pineal gland is our spiritual centre and links us to higher consciousness. If this is true then a calcified pineal gland would certainly block us from our highest potential.

What we do know for certain is that fluoride has the ability to damage the brain. Over 400 studies have found that fluoride is a neurotoxin. It has even been suggested that the real reason for adding it to drinking water is to dumb down the population and make us earlier to control. Please do your own research and make up your own mind on this.

Regardless of what conclusion you come to you may well wish to reduce your fluoride intake. Many British, North American, Australian and other water suppliers fluoridate their water supplies, claiming that this practice will reduce tooth decay at a low cost. Water purveyors typically add a fluoride, in the form of sodium hexafluosilicate or hexafluosilicic acid at a level between 0.7 and 1.2 ppm. Common ingredients in toothpaste include fluorides such as sodium fluoride (NaF), sodium monofluorophosphate (SMFP), tin fluoride (SnF2), and amine fluorides. Water fluoridation has provoked controversy. Supporters of fluoridation of the water supply and the addition of fluoride to toothpaste claim that these practices have led to a decrease in the incidence of dental interventions by 50%. The antibacterial properties of fluorine may contribute to this reduction in dental caries and may also facilitate wound healing. The concerns of those opposed to fluoridation of public drinking water include health worries, issues of consent, and the fact that many people are receiving fluoride through other means. General speaking a 'one size fits all' approach can never fit all. Some governments have ceased or decided not to start fluoridating their water.

Most drinking water comes from three main sources:

Surface dam water, to which is added chlorine and Flourine.

Deep artesian water, which is added to the dam water.

Ground Water, which is heavily saturated with suspended matter and dissolved acids (which give it the brown colour). To clear this water, aluminium sulphate (alum) is added as a coagulant, and then chemical polyelectrolites are added to further settle the coagulated wastes. This water is then passed through sand filters to remove the settled particles. Some of the chemicals remain in the water. This water is then added to the scheme water. So we have the situation where our water is heavily saturated with inappropriate mineral salts and a large amount of added chemicals. Other pollutants also seep in. There are few, if any, water supply in industrialised world which are not contaminated with the toxic residue from dry cleaning fluids and other industrial chemicals. Some ground pollutants must also reach our water. This is a fairly dismal picture but the fact is that things are not getting better, they're getting worse. It's clear that we are slowly poisoning our planet, and one of the first places that this shows up is in our drinking water.

So, What Water is Best?

There are about five main sources of water that you can drink. The first is tap water and we have seen why that is not a great choice. The second is bottled mineral water, which can be quite high in mineral salts. It is however, reasonably pure and is quite acceptable to drink socially. The other three choices bear more detailed analysis.

Distilled Water - is produced by boiling water and condensing the steam. This water is very pure. It also carries a negative polarity as a result of the distilling processes. This polarity is aggressively attracted to trace minerals and other elements that make up what we could call whole water. Because of its purity, it is also highly absorbent of salts and other minerals. Distilled water is therefore very effective at leaching excessive minerals and salts from the body. It is also very sweet and pure tasting.

Because of its ability to remove minerals it must only be used exclusively for short periods of up to 6 months. Longer than this and it can begin to leach essential minerals from the body. Distilled water, taken as 68 small glasses, not more than 1 every half hour, is therefore indicated in any therapeutic dietary approach to disease, for short periods of time. It is spectacularly effective as an adjunct to the treatment of hypertension and arthritis. Please note the deionised water from the supermarket is created using a different treatment. A little won't hurt, but it is not the same as pure distilled water.

Water Distiller, 100% Stainless Steel

Some people use de-ionized water in place of actual distilled water but it is much less pure. Many times water sold for use in household irons is de-ionized rather than actual distilled water. Pharmacies do sell actual distilled water, you just need to ask.

So what is the difference? Many substances are soluble in water and a few of these substances separate into positive and negative ions in water (an ion is an atom that has lost or gained one or more electrons, atoms with extra electrons are negatively charged and those which have lost electrons are positively charged, We call these negative ions and positive ions respectively). Generally these substances are made up of molecules that have ionic bonds, while non-ionic molecules remain intact, just in solution. For example, sugar dissolves easily in water and the sugar molecules remain intact as sugar.

De-ionized water can have any number of dissolved substances that do not result in ions, yet are present nonetheless. Apart from this, a poor quality sample of de-ionized water can contain significant amounts of ions. On the other hand, distilled water is usually very pure, containing only H2O molecules.

Filtered Water - It's quite an indictment on our modern society, but with all things considered, filtered water is probably the best choice. There are a number of types of filters available. These include simple carbon filters and well as the more sophisticated carbon filters with silver mesh components which destroy bacteria. A simple jug filter in your kitchen is a start but it won't remore flouride.

BRITA Marella Water Filter Starter Pack

If you intend to stay in the country for an extended period, or if you want to make your home here, then perhaps you need something more substantial such as a Reverse Osmosis Filter. These produce very clean water indeed, whilst still retaining a certain amount of the precious trace minerals. This is a separation process that uses pressure to force a solvent (water) through a semipermeable membrane that retains the solute (impurities including salt ions) on one side and allows the pure solvent (pure water) to pass to the other side. This process is best known for its use in desalination plants which remove salt from sea water to get fresh water. These units are so good they are often used for purifying naturally occurring freshwater for medical and industrial purposes.


5 Stage Reverse Osmosis Water Filter System With Pump

The Water2buy RO600 Reverse Osmosis Water Filter (illuatrated) removes harmful contaminants from water such as fluoride, chlorine, lead and nitrates. It works by pushing the water under pressure through a number of increasingly smaller filters and finally through a semi-permeable membrane essentially trapping all contaminants. The filtered water has superior smell and taste providing healthy and clean water to your family. To maintain its functionality, the filters should be replaced annually to maintain a high standard of water cleanliness. The membrane in the unit should be replaced every two years. The filter set is a perfect product for 1-4 people.

All filters retain trace minerals but their individual effectiveness at removing pollutants is proportional to their cost.


In summary, tap water should never be drunk or used for cooking or making beverages. With few exceptions, we should all drink plenty of clean water throughout the day. A lesser quantity would be acceptable if some fresh juices are included in the diet. Therapeutically filtered water or clean rain water is the first choice together with distilled water for short periods only. Most people will notice a considerable improvement in their health when they begin to take the right amount of clean water each day.


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